With extensive federal infrastructure funding available and a need to streamline the time required for the identifying, handling and processing of potential DCFC stations, the utility required a comprehensive analysis of its EV distribution infrastructure. The company engaged 1898 & Co., part of Burns & McDonnell, to execute the DCFC Corridor Study.
The project’s goals included identifying potential DCFC stations and prioritizing locations based on grid capacity and other factors. After applying our screening criteria to the service territory and accounting for grid capacity, we generated dozens of initial sites for consideration.
To provide power for DCFC stations, the circuit and substation required at least 1 megawatt of combined charging capacity at any location. Since a DCFC station requires service from a three-phase circuit, overhead circuits were assessed at locations across the service territory. The corridor study focused on circuits and substations that could support one or more 75-kilowatt DCFC stations, with up to 1 megawatt of combined charging capacity. Where capacity existed, larger-capacity chargers were also analyzed.
Systemwide Screening for Site Identification
Using ArcGIS mapping software, data gathering and geospatial analysis, the team looked at spatial queries based on existing circuit infrastructure with applied load values. As a baseline and to analyze peak load events, the evaluation used historical summer peak loading data. Without a need to do site-level analysis, the data and GIS insight enabled the team to inventory large geographic areas, including layering in current EV adoption data and traffic counts. The resulting analysis and insight allowed the project team to develop an interactive tool built on the ArcGIS platform that the utility deployed internally and provided to users across its organization.
Site Prioritization Based on Grid Capacity
Using the resulting DCFC stations suitability data, including EV adoption and traffic count information, the project team focused on developing a system to prioritize potential locations and created a systemwide method of screening and assessing distribution infrastructure. Circuits were narrowed and prioritized based on meeting the following criteria:
- Circuits within a mile of exits on state and interstate highways.
- Circuits serving rest areas, multimodal transportation centers and the local Department of Transportation carpool lots along state and interstate highways.
The ArcGIS tool is now invaluable to the utility. Not only does it help identify optimal DCFC stations based on circuit capacity, proximity to interstates, carpool assets and other factors, but the data can help accelerate the deployment of state and federal investment by identifying preferential locations that meet funding requirements.